Pardon Ben Parkison/Parkinson

The following pardon was transcribed by Anna Lynn Cauffield Burns of Anaheim, CA and submitted for inclusion at the Genealogy in Washington Co., PA web site in June 1997.

Anna writes:
 
The last person to own the pardon as far as we know was Edith Warne Robinson.  Her son Warne Robinson, was an executive with GC Murphy Co for a while. Edith had the original Benjamin Parkinson pardon, signed by George Washington. Her son was said to have donated some Warne family furniture to be shown at Williamsburg, Virginia.

Family information indicates that his older brother Joseph Parkison/Parkinson ran the tavern and thus hosted both sides of the conflict.  He was successfully able to interced on Ben's behalf...

On November 14, 1794, Ben Parkinson's distillery was seized (History of Washington County, Crumrine,  p. 883) for non-payment of taxes. Ben took a very active part in the Rebellion.  But on the November night when twenty  conspirators were arrested, shackled and marched over the mountains to public humiliation in Philadelphia, Ben was nowhere to be found. Those marched on foot between to mounted soldiers were: Rev John Corbly, Col John Hamilton, Col William Crawford, John Black, David Bolton, James Kerr, Thomas Sedjwick, John Burnett, Capt Rob Porter, Marmaduke Curtis, Joseph Scott, James Stewart, Thomas Miller, Thomas Burney, Isaac Walker, John Laughry, Caleb Mounts, Philip Wiley, and Joseph Parey. They were held in jail for six months, tried and subsequently discharged. But thanks to his brother Joseph's intervention, Ben Parkison received the following pardon from Washington:
 


The President of the United States
To all persons to whom these presents shall come
 

Greetings
 

Whereas Benjamin Parkinson of the County of Washington in the State of
Pennsylvania, gentleman, now stands indicted of High Treason commited within
the said State and whereas it is presented to me by David Knox, Esquire late
Marshall of the District of Pennsylvania and those that the conduct of the
said Benjamin Parkinson during the late Insurrection was particularly humane
and friendly to the said David Knox and to Presley Neville Esquire then
aiding and ___ing the officers of the government who by his interference were
preserved from further personal outrage--and appreciation hath been made to
me on behalf of the said Benjamin Parkinson to grant to him a pardon of the
said offenses of which he stands indicted.  Therefore, I, George Washington,
President of the United States, in consideration of the premises have thought
proper and by these present do grant unto the said Benjamine Parkinson a
full, free, and entire pardon of the treasonous treason whereof he stands
indicted do willing and recusing all prosecutions and judicial proceedings
against him by reason thereof to be withdrawn and discharged.

        Done at Philadelphia the third day of March in the year of our Lord one
thousand seven hundred and ninety seven and of the independence of the United
States the twenty first.  In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my
name and caused the seal of the United States to be affixedthe same day and
year.
                                                        G Washington
                                                        By the President
                                                        Timothy Pickering
                                                        Secretary of State

        Ben eventually purchased a large farm on the Glades Trail, and in 1781, with
his brother Joseph, became one of the first justices of the peace appointed
in Washington County. He ran a cotton mill and he frequently advertised his
services in the Washington "Reporter:" "Cotton rolls. The subscriber has in
complete operation, at his mill at the mouth of Mingo creek, a new cotton
machine. /s/ Benjamin Parkison."
        Ben and Olivia Parkison's son William Parkison was no less the adventurer.
Born on the homestead in Allegheny County, he and his brother James
Parkison/Parkinson built boats, owned and ran several small steamboats, built
a sawmill, then a papermill at Elkhorn.  William went to Tennessee after the
Civil War intent on developing a lumber business, but instead bought a cotton
plantation and stayed for three years.  The History of Washington County
(p1356) describes him as, "a man of untiring energy, and (he) fearlessly
undertook any enterprise with which he became favorably impressed."
 

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