Pension Papers for Samuel Atcheson

The following transcription was submitted by Karen Souhrada of Pittsfield, NY for inclusion at the Genealogy in Washington Co., PA web site in December 1997.

Karen states:

Military Pension # 157730. The following information is for my ancestor SAMUEL ATCHESON, and as extracted from his pension records file, and subsequent widow's pension records, for his Union service during the Civil War.


Name: SAMUEL ATCHESON, [brother of JOHN ATCHESON] [in 1892 a resident of Monongahela City, PA]

Born: abt. 1846; Died: December 28, 1902

Enlistment: Monongahela City on the 12th day of September, 1862, as a private in Company 'D' 22nd Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry; for term of 3 years. Mustered In at Wheeling, W. Virginia on the 13th day of October, 1862; later transferred to Company 'E' 22nd PA Cavalry.

Discharge: Honorably on 19th day of July 1865 at New Creek, W. Virginia.

Wife's Name: MARTHA CHESTER ATCHESON [1903 address shown as Homestead, PA]; b. abt. 1846

Marriage: April 4, 1866 at Monongahela City, Allegheny Co., PA; neither previously having been married, hence no impediment to the marriage; marriage performed by Justice of the Peace Thomas Collins.

Pension Witnesses: WILLIAM E. CHESTER & ELIZABETH CHESTER, residing at Monongahela, PA [in 1903]; J. C. ATCHESON & BENJAMIN F. BOWEN

Children of Marriage: [under the age of 16 at the time of the soldier's death]: AMELIA (MILLIE) ATCHESON, b. 10/21/1890 at Galatin, Allegheny Co., PA: no formal record made of birth.

Other Children of Marriage: JOHN PORTER b. 3/10/1867; WILLIAM JAMES, b. 11/17/1870; CHARLES RANDOLPH, b. 1/30/1872; HARRY STANLEY, b. 9/21/1878; ANNA MARTHA, b. 4/13/1881; SAMUEL HENRY, b. 9/11/1883; ELIZABETH CLARINDA, b. 5/21/1886

Also included was a report of his "roll call" status and locations, from the time of enlistment in 1862 to discharge in 1865. Including the following:

1) "Private Samuel Atcheson was tried by Court Martial on the charge of absence without leave; found guilty and sentenced to be confined at hard labor for 4 months and to forfeit 4 months pay; G. O. No. 4, Dept. of W. VA, February 1, 1864. Subsequently transferred to Co. E, 22nd PA Cavalry. Reported in hospital at Cumberland, MD at wounded status, July of 1864, and that Private Samuel Atcheson reported for resumption of active duty in September of 1864." -wound received on June 6, 1864.

2) A statement by comrade [and later brother-in-law] HENRY ROBSON: "That I was present when the surgeon of the regiment (Phelps) and the Hospital surgeon in charge of the hospitals at Cumberland, Maryland (Lewis0 examined the wound received by SAMUEL ACHESON. They probed for the ball but did not find it. Surgeon Lewis remarked to me that the ball would not likely be found as the ball penetrated the thorax and that he thought he would recover, but that it would hurt him sometime in the future. I also further state that I have no interest in this claim."[dated: August 1884] Invalid Pension filed due to latter day affects of this wound; shown as" disease of chest, stomach & rheumatism"

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